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Albanian

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Knight
Knight


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06 Jun 2013 at 21:00
TOSKS

Southern Albanian music is soft and gentle, and polyphonic in nature. Vlorë in the southwest has perhaps the most unusual vocal traditions in the area, with four distinct parts (taker, thrower, turner and drone) that combine to create a complex and emotionally cathartic melody. Author Kim Burton has described the melodies as "decorated with falsetto and vibrato, sometimes interrupted by wild and mournful cries". This polyphonic vocal music is full of power that "stems from the tension between the immense emotional weight it carries, rooted in centuries of pride, poverty and oppression, and the strictly formal, almost ritualistic nature of its structure".
South Albania is also known for funeral laments with a chorus and one to two soloists with overlapping, mournful voices.

The Tosk people are known for ensembles consisting of violins, clarinets and def.
Southern instrumental music includes the sedate kaba, an ensemble-driven by a clarinet or violin alongside accordions and llautës. The kaba is an improvised and melancholic style with melodies that Kim Burton describes as "both fresh and ancient", "ornamented with swoops, glides and growls of an almost vocal quality", exemplifying the "combination of passion with restraint that is the hallmark of Albanian culture."










Edited by Mute! - 06 Jun 2013 at 21:01
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Knight
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06 Jun 2013 at 22:12
TOSKS (Cham albanians)

Cham Albanian folk music can be divided into three main categories: the iso-polyphonic, the polyphonic and the folk ballads.

Iso-polyphony is a form of traditional Albanian polyphonic music. This specific type of Albanian folk music is proclaimed by UNESCO as a "Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". Chams sing a different type, called the cham iso-polyphony. Although they border with Lab Albanians, their iso-polyphony is influenced more by the Tosk type. The song of Çelo Mezani, a polyphonic folk song narrating and lamenting the death of Cham Albanian revolutionary is considered to be the best-known Cham Albanian song.











Edited by Mute! - 06 Jun 2013 at 22:13
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Knight
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06 Jun 2013 at 22:24
TOSKS (Arbereshe)

The Arbëreshë are a linguistic and ethnic Albanian minority community living in southern Italy, especially the regions of Basilicata, Molise, Apulia, Calabria and Sicily.

They settled in Southern Italy in the 15th to 18th centuries AD in several waves of migrations, following the death of the Albanian national hero George Kastrioti Skanderbeg and the gradual conquest of Albania and throughout the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks.



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Knight
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06 Jun 2013 at 22:28
TOSKS (Arvanites)

Arvanites are a population group in Greece who traditionally speak Arvanitika, a dialect of the Albanian language. They settled in Greece during the late Middle Ages and were the dominant population element of some regions of the Peloponnese and Attica until the 19th century.
Arvanites today self-identify as Greeks.





Edited by Mute! - 06 Jun 2013 at 22:29
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Knight
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07 Jun 2013 at 23:20
TOSKS

Instrumental


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07 Jun 2013 at 23:21
TOSKS

Instrumental


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07 Jun 2013 at 23:22
TOSKS

Instrumental




Edited by Mute! - 07 Jun 2013 at 23:22
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07 Jun 2013 at 23:23
TOSKS

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08 Jun 2013 at 13:01
TOSKS

Patriotic music




Nationalist figure and guerrilla fighter, Çerçiz Topulli (1880-1915) was born in Gjirokastra. On 25 February 1908, his band killed the commander of the Turkish gendarmerie on a street in Gjirokastra. Five of Topulli’s guerrillas, himself included, then fled to the village of Mashkullore, where on 5 March they were surrounded by 150 Ottoman troops. Although they were vastly outnumbered, Topulli and his fighters managed to keep the Turks at bay from dawn until dusk and then fled into the mountains, an event which was later celebrated in folk ballads such as the following song.

February fled and March then entered.
Gjirokastra’s Turkish gendarmes
Lost their captain. Curse his surname!
With his life he paid, dishonoured.
From Janina came a soldier
To the plane of Mashkullore,
From that tree at Mashkullore,
Çerçiz spoke out in defiance:
“Draw back, sergeant, all your forces,
Let my fighters go their way now,
For these heroes will do battle,
As has been their wont and custom,
Red you’ll be, in crimson spattered.”
“Çerçiz, Hajredin was slaughtered.”
“Makes no difference that they killed him,
Listen carefully, heed me, Kapllan,
We’ll not cease retaliation
On your officers and soldiers,
Place their heads beneath our cleavers
As we thus avenged our Mother.”
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Knight
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08 Jun 2013 at 13:04
TOSKS (Cham albanians)

Patriotic music




From the poetry of Bilal Xhaferri (1935-1986)

Cham Ballad

In the distance fades a rainbow
Over the tips of the pyres,
A tearful word of farewell
In the pouring rain.
In the distance fades Chameria, our homeland in flames
And all of the roads take us northwards.
Over ancient Epirotic lands moans a Mediterranean wind,
Over the precious fields of our ancestors,
Lightning now feeds on the abandoned pastures,
Olive groves, unharvested, groan like the waves beating against the coast,
And on all sides, Cham land,
Enveloped in clouds,
Gasps and drowns in blood and tears,
Forsaken
And forlorn.
The bullets slicing through the darkness show us the way,
Flames that have devoured the soil, light up our path,
Behind us the storm lashes at the creaking doors of one-time homes.
And the road stretches northwards, northwards forever.
A folk now in exile, we wander in the downpour,
Farewell Chameria!



Edited by Mute! - 08 Jun 2013 at 13:10
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TOSKS

Patriotic music




From the poetry of Sejfullah Maleshova (1901 - 1971):

How I Love Albania

I've no farm estates or manors,
I've no shops or lofty buildings,
Yet I love my land, Albania -
For a barn in Trebeshina,
For its boulders and its brushwood,
For a hut above Selishta,
For two fields ploughed in Zallishta,
For a cow and for a donkey,
For an ox, a little lambkin,
This is how I love my country
Like a shepherd, like a peasant.

Yes, I love my land, Albania,
For the clover in its meadows,
For a quick and agile maiden,
For its spring of water gurgling
From the cliffs and flowing swiftly
Through the leafy oak tree forests,
Tumbling down to form a river,
Yes, I love my land, Albania,
For the fenugreek in blossom,
For the birds that fly above it,
For the nightingales a-singing,
In the shade and in the brambles,
Trilling songs of love and longing,
This is how I love my country,
Like a poet in devotion.

Yes, I love my land, Albania,
Right from Korça to Vranina,
Where the farmer sets off early
With his hoe and plough a-toiling,
Sows and reaps by sun and moonlight,
Yet, he has no food to live on,
Where the farrier and saddler
Day and night stoop o'er their duties
Just to get a few stale breadcrumbs,
Where the porter at the dockyards,
Laden down with iron and barrels,
Bears his load, barefoot and ragged,
Always serving other people.
Yes, I love my land, Albania,
Right from Skopje to Janina,
Where its people in misfortune
Suffer, live their lives in serfdom,
Yet they have a fighting spirit -
This is how I love my country,
Like a revolutionary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Jun 2013 at 19:33
TOSKS (Cham albanians)

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TOSKS (Cham albanians)

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15 Jun 2013 at 12:57
TOSKS

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TOSKS



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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Mute! Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25 Jun 2013 at 19:37
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TOSKS (Cham albanians)

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TOSKS

Traditional dances




Edited by Mute! - 25 Jun 2013 at 20:37
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Traditional dances


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Traditional dances


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TOSKS (Cham albanians)

Traditional dances


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TOSKS (Cham albanians)

Traditional dances




Edited by Mute! - 25 Jun 2013 at 20:50
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TOSKS(Arbereshe)



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TOSKS (Arbereshe)

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TOSKS (Arbereshe)

The nostalgic song “Oh, my beautiful Morea,” included in the last eight lines of this folk ballad, is perhaps the best known Arbëresh (Italo-Albanian) folksong of all. The ballad reflects a central element in the collective memory of the Albanian minority of southern Italy – that of their early flight from the Morea (i.e. the Peloponnese in Greece), which had been conquered by the Ottoman Turks, to the safety of Sicily and Calabria. Other Albanians fled from Albania, too, when it was conquered by the Turks in the fifteenth century.





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TOSKS

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