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capture of Eichmann (in 1960)

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kowalskil View Drop Down
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    Posted: 27 Jan 2014 at 04:08

Adolf Eichmann, one of the major organizers of the Holocaust, who was hiding in Argentina, was captured by the Mossad in 1960. How did this happen? This question is answered by Deborah Lipstadt, in her 2011 book "The Eichmann's Trial." The decisive information, she writes, came from three people: Lothar Hermann, a German half-Jew, who fled to Argentina in 1939, his young daughter Sylvia, who did not know about her Jewish origin, and a German Jewish lawyer, Fritz Bauer, who escaped to Sweden, in the 1930's. After the war Bauer returned to Germany and became an attorney general in Frankfurt.

 

One day Sylvia introduced her new boyfriend, Klaus Eichmann, to her family. Her father suspected he was a son of the famous Nazi criminal. But he decided to keep it to himself, in order to conceal his own Jewish origin. The suspicion was confirmed when he learned that Klaus refused give Sylvia his address, forcing her to correspond with him through a mutual friend. That prompted Hermann to inform the authorities. But Instead of approaching the German embassy in Argentina, where many Nazi sympathizers worked, he wrote to the Frankfurt prosecutor’s office. That how Bauer became involved. He felt that further investigation was warranted. But he was also afraid of Nazi sympathizers in the Adenauer's government.

 

Supported by the minister-president of Hesse, Bauer decided to inform the Israeli government. Preoccupied with other priorities, Israel's head of security services waited nearly a year before starting the investigation. An agent who was sent to Argentina was asked to visit Hermann. He was surprised to discover that the man was blind. He was inclined to dismiss the entire matter until he spoke with Sylvia. ... The investigation would probably have been abandoned without the active involvement of Bauer, who approach the Israeli Attorney General, Haim Cohen, in 1959. Then things started moving quickly. ...

 

A team of agents was sent to Argentina and they had no difficulties capturing the criminal. But they were not aware that the Argentinean secret police was also keeping close tabs on Eichmann, at that time. "On the night of the kidnapping, an undercover agent was tailing him. He saw three men grab, subdue and bundle Eichmann into a car. The agents followed the car to the save house where he was held. The secret police was also aware that, a few days before the kidnapping, a contingent of Israelis had arrived in the country and were engaged in some sort of surreptitious activity. Apparently, this much-touted secret action was anything but secret."

 

Ludwik Kowalski author of Diary of a Former Communist: Thoughts, Feelings, Reality.

http://csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/life/intro.html

Diary kept in the USSR, Poland, France, and the USA
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Goral View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Goral Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27 Jan 2014 at 04:21
As far as I know, Eichmann was the only person executed by State of Israel to date.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Captain Vancouver Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27 Jan 2014 at 05:34
Originally posted by Goral Goral wrote:

As far as I know, Eichmann was the only person executed by State of Israel to date.


Except for a few thousand  Palestinians. Those were less formal events though, although perhaps not so for the immediate participants.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote beorna Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27 Jan 2014 at 08:21
The CIA was informed about the domicil of Eichmann since March 1958. The German secret service even knew since 1952 where he was. He seem to have had even contact with the KGB. If he was ever protected by CIA and/or BND, Eichmann lost these protection, when he tried to publish his memoirs by the dutch journalist and former ss-man Willem Sassen. Sassen tried to sell the memoirs to the life magazin, but the CIA avoided the publishing by demands from the German Adenauer government, which feared the Adenauer government could lose its power, if it would become public, that Globke, chief of the chancellor's office , was a co-author of the Nuremberg race laws.
Etiam si omnes, ego non.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Goral Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 28 Jan 2014 at 04:48
Originally posted by Captain Vancouver Captain Vancouver wrote:


Originally posted by Goral Goral wrote:

As far as I know, Eichmann was the only person executed by State of Israel to date.


Except for a few thousand  Palestinians. Those were less formal events though, although perhaps not so for the immediate participants.

Well, I was talking about judicial system.
As the Israel-Palestinian conflict is concerned, both sides are in equal foult
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote beorna Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10 Feb 2014 at 20:36
Originally posted by kowalskil kowalskil wrote:

Adolf Eichmann, one of the major organizers of the Holocaust, who was hiding in Argentina, was captured by the Mossad in 1960. How did this happen? This question is answered by Deborah Lipstadt, in her 2011 book "The Eichmann's Trial." The decisive information, she writes, came from three people: Lothar Hermann, a German half-Jew, who fled to Argentina in 1939, his young daughter Sylvia, who did not know about her Jewish origin, and a German Jewish lawyer, Fritz Bauer, who escaped to Sweden, in the 1930's. After the war Bauer returned to Germany and became an attorney general in Frankfurt.

 

One day Sylvia introduced her new boyfriend, Klaus Eichmann, to her family. Her father suspected he was a son of the famous Nazi criminal. But he decided to keep it to himself, in order to conceal his own Jewish origin. The suspicion was confirmed when he learned that Klaus refused give Sylvia his address, forcing her to correspond with him through a mutual friend. That prompted Hermann to inform the authorities. But Instead of approaching the German embassy in Argentina, where many Nazi sympathizers worked, he wrote to the Frankfurt prosecutor’s office. That how Bauer became involved. He felt that further investigation was warranted. But he was also afraid of Nazi sympathizers in the Adenauer's government.

 

Supported by the minister-president of Hesse, Bauer decided to inform the Israeli government. Preoccupied with other priorities, Israel's head of security services waited nearly a year before starting the investigation. An agent who was sent to Argentina was asked to visit Hermann. He was surprised to discover that the man was blind. He was inclined to dismiss the entire matter until he spoke with Sylvia. ... The investigation would probably have been abandoned without the active involvement of Bauer, who approach the Israeli Attorney General, Haim Cohen, in 1959. Then things started moving quickly. ...

 

A team of agents was sent to Argentina and they had no difficulties capturing the criminal. But they were not aware that the Argentinean secret police was also keeping close tabs on Eichmann, at that time. "On the night of the kidnapping, an undercover agent was tailing him. He saw three men grab, subdue and bundle Eichmann into a car. The agents followed the car to the save house where he was held. The secret police was also aware that, a few days before the kidnapping, a contingent of Israelis had arrived in the country and were engaged in some sort of surreptitious activity. Apparently, this much-touted secret action was anything but secret."

 


Maybe some addition. Eichmann's name in argentine was Ricardo Klement. His wife and children came to Argentine in 1952 from Austria and lived in Argentine under their real name Eichmann.
Lothar Hermann informed the hessian attorney general Fritz Bauer in september 1957 about the destination of Eichmann, who lived in Olivos a suburb of Buenos Aires. Bauer did not start an criminal investigation proceeding, but directly informed the israelian government. But nothing happened. As kowalskil wrote, they send an agent to Argentine, but then closed the file. In 1960 Hermann wrote to Israel, that it seems, that they wouldn't be interested in a capture of Eichmann. Since 1959 Eichmann worked for Mercedes-Benz in Argentine as electrician. His chief there was Mosetti, who had worked for Standard Oil, today Exxon, Chevron and Mobil , which cooperated with the nazis till the end of 1942 by oil supply via several countries and e.g. with equipment for the exploitation of Romanian oil fields. Eichmann was in 1933 an employee of an Austrian subsidiary company of standard Oil.
As I wrote before, till 1960 Eichmann lived peacefully in Argentine allthough CIA and BND were informed about his domicile. This changed, when Eichmann told his memoirs to Sassen, a dutch SS man. It is not proven, but not impossible, that Eichmann subscribed his death verdict with these memoirs.
Etiam si omnes, ego non.
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franciscosan View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12 Aug 2015 at 16:58
One should remember that Israel did not, properly speaking, have jurisdiction.  Germany had jurisdiction because that was where the crimes were committed.  Of course, they didn't want him and were happy to wash their hands of him.  Also, I seem to remember from Arendt, that he was tried and convicted for crimes against the Jewish people, not crimes against humanity.

Before WWII, the Nazis and the Zionists had one thing in common, they both wanted the Jews to leave, and put pressure on the traditionalists to do so.  The communists wanted to do the opposite, have the traditionalists stay and help bring about the revolution.  The Nazis wanted a solution, and when Israel was closed off and Madagascar was closed off, they implemented 'the final solution."  Eichmann promoted himself as a expert on Judaism.  He could read the Hebrew alphabet, and therefore figure out Yiddish, which is a form of German written with the Hebrew alphabet.  Morally and mentally he was a midget, but great on self-promotion.
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