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Evolution of languages & Evolution of civilization

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sunitas View Drop Down
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    Posted: 20 Jan 2014 at 01:36

Aryan, the most debated and fantasized term is still a puzzle today. Historians derive the idea that speakers of Indo-European language and their descendents up to the present day constitute an Aryan race. Aryan has evolved as a supreme white race and has been politicized by racial ideologist of Nazism. A common hypothesis is that Aryans were Indo-European speakers and originated in the forest Steppes region. Quite significant numbers of theories revolves around Central Asian land, Europe, and India also. Aryan word derived from Sanskrit word ‘Arya’ and Avestan term ‘Airya’—the extended form was Airyana. It is surprising to see that this term has been manipulated in history to show the supremacy of white race over other races of the world.

Aryan race is attributed with slim, tall, light-complexioned, blonde, superior, firm character, intellectually brilliant, morally superior, constantly striving, Ideal attitude and so many characters. Precisely, who they were and where they came from is still a hot topic of debate among historians. No valid evidences have been produced so far, yet Polar or Circumpolar origin is fairly satisfying historical, mythological, geographical, anthropological, linguists, and cultural factors. Although, DNA haplogroups study display variations because of mixing of genes in thousands of years, still rational conclusion could be get by assimilating all deciding factors. Language is another logical way to acknowledge the humanity, culture, and social identity of people who lived before us.

Indo-European language is associated with Aryans for a long time until recent, though recent years exploration and new discoveries have been grabbing scholars’ attention towards Uralic languages also.  PIE and Uralic languages share some basic vocabulary, pronouns and noun endings that display close link between these two languages. Original land of Uralic people are thought to be Polar or circumpolar region, which were completely destroyed during the last glacial period. After the last ice age, Proto-Uralic people have migrated to Northern and Eastern Europe and came in contact with primitive PIE who were dwelling in forest steppes region. Not only the PIE language but their culture, pottery design, and burial rituals were also influenced with Eastern European Uralic (Latvia/Lithuania) culture. Surprisingly, Sumerian language shares many similarities with Uralic language of Eastern Europe (Latvia/ Lithuania)—existing before nomadic PIE incursion to Eastern Europe--and the same similarities have been found with extinct Basque (earliest people of Welsh) language as well. PIE language is of late origin and emerged somewhere in forest steppes region. PIE has Uralic loanwords so it seems it would have been a near speaker of Uralic language.  Actually, PIE is not the right term when we are distinguishing Uralic (Polar origin) and steppes culture.  Eastern European Uralic influences can be found in Dnipper-Donnets and Bug-Dniester Neolithic age pottery, geometrical designs, myths, themes, and burial rituals. In addition to, there are few common features are observed between ancient Uralic language and Steppes language. However, the languages are tend to change in time with the divergence of groups and geographies.  PIE would be an appropriate term to refer Black sea flood people (7000-6000 BP), who define the hybrid culture of Steppes and Uralic people.

Uralic speakers were spanned from Northern to Eastern Europe to ranged upto Northern Siberia, with dozens of Uralic variants. Sami speakers are believed to be the earliest, who have separated from their ancestral Proto-Uralic language branch during Magdalenian era (20,000 BP). They traveled through the northern coastal region of Norway and sparsely inhabited the northern Europe within the range of Arctic Circle including northern Norway, Sweedon and Finnland, and Kole penninsula of Russia, for thousands of years. Their time of arrival is not certain but Sami myths speak about long migration before reaching the present Sami land (Northern Norway).

Although, Sami dwell largely in Scandinavia, their language is entirely unrelated to Scandinavian language.  Scandinavian language consists of Danish, Norwegian, and Sweidsh languages, which is derived as dialects continuum and mutually intelligible with one another. Scandinavian languages are the North Germanic branch of Germanic family of languages, excluding Finnish and its distant relative Sami.

Northern Germanic branch has evolved from a Proto-Germanic or Proto Norse language.  The Germanic branch split off first from its ancestral language and traveled through Northeasetrn Europe and reached Western Germany. The Proto-Germanic (Proto-Nordic or Proto Norse) language was in her primitive stage when reached to Germany. The Germanic language is sub-divided into three languages: North Germanic (Old Norse Scandinavian), West Germany (Dutch, Germany), and extinct East Germany.

Proto-Germanic were culturally more advanced so most of their traits, ideas, beliefs had been incorporated by Indo-Europeans who were in their primitive stage then.  It’s logical point that all this cultural exchange and amalgamation must not had happened spontaneously because both the ethnic groups were living in different territories. Something must have caused the mass movement of both the groups in different land. There is a hypothesis about historic Black sea flood, which dated around 8th millennium BC. Before moving forward, we must know about the aftermath of great Black Sea flood.

The Black Sea flood brought all the surrounding civilizations close to each others. After Black Sea flood, Uralic people and Pre-Proto-Indo-Europeans moved out of the flooded area and had encountered with West Asian Mediterranean inhabitants (Semitic). Pre-Proto-Indo-Europeans and Mediterranean both have had the Uralic influences on their languages, cultures, rituals, pottery and geometric designs. Due to great flood, Uralic culture was driven to down south and established Urbanized Sumerian culture.

The Proto-Germanic branch had never been a part of Anatolian branch because they had separated before the Black Sea flood. They would have driven out to Northern Germany and then up to Scandinavia.

Throughout the long period of journey from Polar land to forest Steppes, the ancient Polar people have continuously been in touch with their Pre-Proto-Indo-European counterparts. Later in history, Indo-European tribes, with the emergence of Corded Ware and Battle Axe culture, invaded Scandinavia and replaced indigenous inhabitants and languages to further North. PIE people actually have destroyed the civilized, farming, and peaceful Uralic society. Horse was certainly the prominent animal and the invention of wheels drastically changed the entire PIE civilizations. During this long period of history, PIE language assimilated different local variations and ethnic flavors and geographically distributed to all over Europe. 


 

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beorna View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote beorna Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 20 Jan 2014 at 03:02
The black sea existed already before the "big black sea flood". The only difference was, that it changed the Black Sea into a sea or salt-water sea, instead of the frsh ewater before. The theory about a Black sea flood is very disputed and there are as well lots of arguments against it.
A PIE or uralic migration is highly unrelated with such incident.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote sunitas Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 21 Jan 2014 at 17:09
May be mass movement of civilization didn't happen due to Black sea flood but to some extent surrounding cultures were affected. Dnipper-donets pottery designs and burial rituals were highly influenced with Latvia/Lithuanian culture. Sumer language is very similar to Lavia/Lithuanian language. And I am talking about 9,000 yrs old Eastern-European culture and language. We know well that Sumer civilization is not older than 5,000 yrs. Due to black sea flood fertile land were sinking and Mediterranean people were migrating upward and surrounding civilization were moving their neighboring region. People came in contact with different culture and civilizations. Eastern-European civilization were more advanced than archaic Egypt and Mediterranean so obviously, the lower inclined towards the higher. So did the Proto-Indo-Europeans.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote toyomotor Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07 Mar 2014 at 12:37
For a really good explanation of the origins of language, I would recommend David W. Anthonys book, "The Horse, The Wheel and Language."
 
In the book he painstakingly explains some of the similarities between words in divers languages, and traces the PIE origins back to the Eurasian Steppe, a much understudies region on our planet.
 
He associates the origins of the PIE family of languages with the domestication of horses and the invention of the wheel, both of which made man far more mobile than ever before and increased the speed with which language both spread and evolved. 
“The biggest surprise in a man’s life is old age.”
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