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Macedonian terrorists

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    Posted: 22 Aug 2020 at 12:30

every balkan state while in its national birth labour had have own guerrillas in one or another time defying the imperial authority on the lands which they've claim that is their ethnic territory, macedonians too, although they while without real support by the european elites became more and more left on their own, which was the main reason they didnt succeed in liberating Macedonia, usually just backed by the neighboring european vasals, misfortune that led to divide in IMRO, > the macedonian revolutionary freedom organisation, which despite all difficulties managed to pull by their own the First Modern Socialistic Republic in the World that lastet for 7 days, > The famous Krushevo Republic, it was in a way freedom mirror to the fake freemasonic states around Macedonia, tho if IMRO got large support form the west would make an vasal kingdome from Macedonia too as all its neighbors, but probably the stubbornness of the macedonian guerrillas led to socialistic rush than just new elitist substitution for the ottoman empire, altho even from the beginning in IMRO were present masonic poltrons that have from start disrupt the pure idealism with their masonic meddling eg. the motto freedom or death is masonic, some will say just local momentum, ok but the swear with pistol and knife on the Bible resembles almost occult recruitment ritual, and lets say that this was also local know-how, but when You learn that there were indeed freemasons as leaders like Damyan Gruev it becomes clear that as revolutionaries they've been hostages of some freemasonic agendas, in which obviously there was no place for independent Macedonia, and probably the rush for early uprising was instigated coz these reasons!?

as revolutionary org. in the beginning IMRO for sure havent such intentions to go to extreme in their terrorist plots, actually they became known as most clean subversive group in europe which instigated the Salonica Attacks in middle of the city but without any civilian casualty! rare case of preWW1 terrorist plots with such fine tunes to shaken the system but with no spilling of innocent blood , in this case as way to attract the western attention to the macedonian question ...      




later IMRO after the failed 1903 Ilinden Uprising, the IMRO revolutionary organisation split in two factions, altho even before present as such but not so apparent like the autonomous and centralist wing of IMRO i.e. socialist and royalists, the second in the hands of the bulgrarian lodges which eventually promoted the notorious leader Vancho Mihailov, with him they've became unprecedentedly most violent terrorist group in europe which e.g. planned assassination on the turkish sultan [1] and has assassinated the serbian [2] and greek king [3] and later sided through the bulgarians as axis poltrons with nazi abwehr as their balkan spies and assassins, altho I think that they werent so occult or puppets as were mercenaries who were seeking to grab any chance to make own free territory in Macedonia, actually they had the Pirin part of Macedonia (then and now in Bulgaria) as state in state, and eventually after ww2 they were eliminated and/or expelled from their refuge as nazi collaborators after communists got the power in Sophia, tho its difficult to know why their leader got freemasonic refuge later in Italy despite he was acting antimasonic earlier, maybe to please its new nazi-friends which actually were occult too but as teuton opposition to freemasonry, maybe this was the reason why macedonians didnt got chance for unification in the end of ww2 i.e. freemasons fear that they will have problems to control such state where all the power could fall in IMRO hands sooner or later (too "wild" to be obedient puppets) there is saying that those later IMRO terrorists were seen as idols in IRA, maybe coz their violent tactics!? and only thing that is missing today is Study for their secrete elites servitude i.e. how were they connected through which secret societies lodges to whom in particular time! in the end we can blame bulgarians for their crimes (room for it), we can blame nazis for their rise (probably tactics too), even see ww1 greek and serbian atrocities as motive for them to become what they've became, but its fact that they were macedonians with cold beasty hearts! I will say they have put a shame to the macedonian liberation ideal, which before them was the first and true socialistic in the world, thus honest like no other neighboring before ww1, in my knowledge rare honesty back then in the world ...  


if I may say, however much they were fighters for human rights defacto they were terrorists, altho they were not terrorizing the turks but the ottoman empire, simply when someone is acting as terrorist he is becoming little by little or more and more demonized, if we take for granted that the spiritual order holds this world together, thus defying it through revolutions it means that such actions will lead for unworthiness of and from Gods Grace, and only people that have revolutionary success are those who realize that they've become monsters who by all means would push their agenda having no mercy or sorrow for the victims or their own actions! even insurgency - revolution is wrong approach for settling any difference, yet we can assume that if they are not plot of some shadowy elite but mass public revolt could be seen as lessen evil, altho even then there is always someone in shadows waiting to steal the ideals and turn them in interests eg. the supposed freedom of the balkan people when while the ottoman brake was substituted the authority of the Orthodox Church by the secular ideals which actually were just means for the freemasonry to became dominant in the balkan affairs!  



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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Guest Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 22 Aug 2020 at 14:05
above there is wrong interpretation of the commies expelling IMRO from Bulgaria, actually its true but those are the remnants of the gangs that were under control of VachoM which organisation actually has rose to small gangster group after 1934, tho enough big so it would still work like mercenaries as assassins, eventually they were spies and actually have contributed to the nazi agenda in balkans, tho there are rumors that VanchoM has also warned the russians for the barbarossa operation (nazi invasion of ussR) while he was in Istanbul thus verifying the british tips ... actually bulgarians used his services as long they have need from them and after he became probably shadowy elite in those balkan times! also You can learn from the next quoted text about italian help to IMRO but above I am talking about the Main Org and not the later after the Ilinden Uprising right wing imro org.   


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Quote So things went on until 1933 when King Alexander made his first conciliatory gesture towards King Boris, which made the atmosphere less favourable for I.M.R.O. But King Boris was not yet prepared to abandon I.M.R.O. The blow came in May 1934. Following the Military League Zveno coup, I.M.R.O. was suppressed, leaving remarkably little trace inside Bulgaria. Many of its members fled abroad—Mihailov to Turkey, others to the Croat Ustashi in Italy, others to terrorists’ camps in Hungary such as Janka Puszta. It was from these bases that the murder of King Alexander by one of I.M.R.O.’s most skilful assassins, Chernozemski, was organized in October 1934. After that little was heard of I.M.R.O.; the Macedonian revolutionary movement—terrorist, Federalist, or Communist—was quiescent until war broke out again in the Balkans. 

In 1941 the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia theoretically opened up fresh opportunities for I.M.R.O. There seems, however, no definite evidence that former members of I.M.R.O. were employed by the Bulgarian occupation authorities in Yugoslav Macedonia. It was frequently rumoured that Ivan Mihailov was in Zagreb, where his old associate, Ante Pavelić, was now in power in the puppet ‘Independent State of Croatia’. According to a story current in Yugoslav Communist circles, Hitler held him in reserve as possible Gauleiter of an Independent Macedonia, should the Bulgarian occupation authorities fail to hold Yugoslav Macedonia. By this account, Mihailov was actually 44 sent by plane to Skoplje in the final phase of the war, but was forced by the Yugoslav Macedonian partisans to depart without setting foot on Macedonian soil. This story is, however, not substantiated. 

Whether or not Mihailov outlived the war is still a mystery. But it seems clear that only the most scattered relics of I.M.R.O. can have survived the events of the fifteen years since 1934. 

The quick collapse and disintegration of I.M.R.O. are perhaps to be explained by four factors. First, it would never come into the open over the question whether it really wanted Bulgarian annexation or Macedonian autonomy, and so created confusion and division among its followers. Secondly, after the First World War it had no constructive ideas of its own apart from the forcible overthrow of the existing political order in Macedonia. Thirdly, it failed to organize widespread popular support in Yugoslav Macedonia, its chief target, and relied increasingly on isolated terrorist action; once the terrorist cadres were broken up, little was left of the Organization. Fourthly, after the First World War I.M.R.O. relied far too heavily on outside support, especially from Fascist Italy; when this support was withdrawn or weakened, I.M.R.O. no longer had sufficient internal resources to make good the loss. 

The collapse of I.M.R.O. in the nineteen-thirties left a vacuum which the Communists, who in the early nineteen-twenties had hoped to gain control of the Macedonian revolutionary movement, were surprisingly slow to fill.
Quote https://blog.dnevnik.hr/print/id/1626049495/sat-povijestihistory-faistiki-trojni-pakt-s-jugoslavijom-25-iii-1941.html?page=print&id=1626049495

IMRO of Vanco Mihailov was rated by the German military counter-intelligence service Abwehr as the best organized conspiracy-sabotage organization of the time that had the hallmark of a 'terrorist' organization in the West



Quote IMRO continued its terrorist activities long after the end of the Great War. The movement hardened, and its struggle against Greece and, above all, Yugoslavia was even more violent than the one it had waged against the Turks. Still operating from its base in Bulgaria, IMRO’s leadership found itself cajoled by the USSR, which had inherited Russia’s deep interest in the Balkans. Alexandrov was hostile to a rapprochement with Moscow and was assassinated by a pro-Soviet faction (Italy would later provide the Macedonians with arms and funds). The ensuing fratricidal struggle produced another dominating figure, Ivan Mihailov, who took command of the organization in 1928. Mihailov was a formidable administrator and businessman, but IMRO, whose tentacles were becoming ever more dangerous wherever they penetrated (notably, the Macedonian party in Bulgaria), gradually transformed itself into a mafia-type organization that accepted “contracts.” Supported—although at arm’s length— by Bulgaria and other interested powers, such as Italy, it was unable to survive when the source of that funding dried up. It was IMRO that would commit the most deadly terrorist attack of the first half of the twentieth century, however: a bombing in the Sveta Nedelia cathedral in Sofia that killed over one hundred people.

In the late 1920s, IMRO began offering training to the Croatian nationalist movement, a fellow enemy of the Yugoslav state that launched a series of attacks, bombing trains and assassinating public figures. Ante Pavelic, a Croatian lawyer in exile who had pleaded the Macedonian cause, joined up with Mihailov to create an independence organization worthy of the name. The Croatian resistance, known as the Ustase, would make a name for itself in the years ahead; to this very day, it is seen as the embodiment of interbellum terrorism. Having settled in Vienna, Pavelic was ordered by the Austrian authorities to leave the country. He turned to Mussolini’s Italy, which offered the Ustase havens in the Lombard countryside and on the Adriatic coast where they could safely train. Hungary, equally hostile to the Serbs, likewise offered Pavelic its support. 
  Like IMRO, the Ustase were committed to attacking civilian targets (unlike the IRA, for instance). Foreshadowing the hijackings of the 1970s and 1980s, they attacked trains, including the prestigious Orient Express, with the aim of bringing their cause to the world’s attention. This was one of the first manifestations of the kind of publicity-minded terrorism that came to the fore in the late 1960s. In 1934, the Croatian resistance reached its acme with the assassination of the Serbian King Alexander I of Yugoslavia.

A commando unit of terrorists was sent on a mission to France to coincide with a long-planned visit by the king to Paris. Led by an Ustasa cadre, Eugen Kvaternik, it included a veteran IMRO murderer, “Vlada.” The team got off the train in Fontainebleau and went on to Paris by car. There, the little group split in two, with one three-man team, including Kvaternik, heading for Marseille, where the king was to make his first stopover. A first attempt was planned to take place in Marseille; if that failed, a second would be undertaken in Paris. 
  Once their preparations were complete, Kvaternik left Marseille, while Vlada and Krajli, a trusty Ustasa hired hand, remained behind. The two were armed with handguns and grenades. The attack was to be undertaken at point-blank range during the motorcade procession through the streets of Marseille, a little like the Sarajevo assassination. On October 9, at 4:15 p.m., “Vlada” boldly leaped onto the runningboard of the king’s vehicle, a Delage cabriolet, and shot him dead. The assassin took several bullets and a saber to the head, dying later that night. In the confusion, the French foreign minister, Louis Barthou, took a policeman’s stray bullet in the shoulder, from which he later died. The other three members of the commando unit who had remained in France were captured and confessed.

The political nature of the crime provoked the intervention of the League of Nations, which in 1937 adopted a resolution that was the first piece of international legislation on terrorism. The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Terrorism, signed at Geneva on November 16, 1937, by twenty-five countries (not including Italy and the United States), defined terrorism as “criminal acts directed against a State and intended or calculated to create a state of terror in the minds of particular persons, or a group of persons or the general public.” These include “[w]ilful destruction of, or damage to, public property or property devoted to a public purpose belonging to or subject to the authority of another High Contracting Party,” and, finally, “[t]he manufacture, obtaining, possession, or supplying of arms, ammunition, explosives or harmful substances with a view to the commission in any country whatsoever of an offence falling within the present article.” 
  Once their culpability had been established, the Ustase were unable to exploit the assassination, the crowning achievement of their struggle, to further their ends. A paradox of terrorism is that when an attack succeeds too well, the perpetrators are caught up in the ensuing political maelstrom that they had sought to unleash. The September 11 attacks are a further illustration of this: the enormity of the attacks on New York and Washington, D.C., triggered the American response that brought down the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and dealt a very serious blow to al Qaeda. No matter how spectacular a strike may be, there is no guarantee that its results will be those sought by the terrorists. The death of Alexander I did nothing to help Croatia’s cause, and September 11 brought down neither the United States nor the moderate Muslim regimes that bin Laden had hoped it would. Terrorists almost always demonstrate a greater aptitude for orchestrating violence than political acumen. Like al Qaeda today, the Ustase managed by hook or by crook to keep going. They lost the support they had previously enjoyed from Italy and Hungary. Ante Pavelic and Eugen Kvaternik were arrested by the Italians, who declined, however, to extradite them. The assassination caused a great sensation in Croatia, as well as in the world media.

https://www.academia.edu/1133253/The_History_of_Terrorism_From_Antiquity_to_Al_Qaeda



Edited by Pelagon - 22 Aug 2020 at 14:50
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Guest Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 22 Aug 2020 at 23:43

it could be seen from VanchoM interview above (third centered link) that he is sworn bulgarian who actually was bulgarian infiltration in IMRO coz before all other leaders were pushing for independent or autonomous Macedonia while he is clearly seeing it as lands of greater Bulgaria, and if it is taken in account that in his time the revolutionary organisation was dissolved and as structure integrated in the bulgarian secrete service or army, its easy to get clear picture that after 1924 IMRO fell completely in bulgarian hands and thus became bulgarian terrorist organisation, as such used as proxy war dog that Bulgaria has started to use in its balkan clash with Serbia or Greece around grabbing of Macedonia, and it could be said right then that bulgarian IMRO with VanchoM ahead became that notorious mob that in 10 years have murdered more than 1000 People, probably many within on ideological basis as communists, other as internal bulgarian expendables, and surely any serbian or greek that have stood on the path of greater Bulgaria, it was some sort of kidnapped macedonian liberation organisation that was misused in bulgaranian interests ... stil as I said there is lack of information how secrete societies have pulled the strings and pushed their interests from shadow which obviously was case from the start of the rise of IMRO !


thus I'll conclude macedonian revolutionaries became notorious terrorists when bulgarians strongly got grip of IMRO, and it could be argued that after 1924 as such they were bulgarian myhailovists bloodsuckers that worked for the interest of Bulgaria and not Macedonia, simply they became terrorizers of macedonians, tho this could be seen as retaliation for the earlier IMRO activity when many bulgarian politicians soldiers and policeman fell from the hands of macedonian terrorists, its almost unprecedented take-of and revange that even in IRA wasnt case altho till the top all the structure was infiltrated by the british secrete service!
  
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