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Middle East, Near East and Central Asian dynasties

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Harburs View Drop Down
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Chieftain

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    Posted: 13 Oct 2009 at 17:02
I started this thread to introduce all Middle eastern, Near eastern and Central Asian dynasties in brief.

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Harburs Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 Oct 2009 at 18:55

Neo-Assyrian Empire





Founder: Ashur-dan II
Most powerful king/kings: Tilgath-Pileser III, Sargon II and Ashurbanipal
Last king: Ashur-Uballit II
Historical era: 934 BC to 609 BC
Region: Middle east (Mesopotamia)
Dominant group: Semitic Assyrians
Language: Aramaic
State religion: Pagan
Strong points: Militaristic state with powerful warring tactics

 

History: This dynasty started with Ashur-dan II minor reforms which made Assyria strong in Mesopotamia in 934 BC. Tilgath-Pileser III gained power in Assyria in 745 BC. He was a fierce general, he made significant changes in Assyrian government which made it more functional, then he conquered many surrendering countries and expanded Assyrian empire.



In the next centuries, Sargon II, Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal expanded the empire significantly. By the death of Ashurbanipal, power of Assyrian declined. Nineveh, Assyrian capital, was destroyed by a coalition forces of Cyaxares (king of Medes) and Nabopolassar (king of Babylon) in 612 BC.


http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/historians/maps/assyrianempire.jpg

After fall of Nineveh the last remnants of Assyria leaded by Ashur-Uballit II held a small territory in Harran (near today border of Syria and Turkey) until 608 BC.



Edited by Harburs - 25 Jan 2014 at 14:21
"Turn yourself not away from three best things: Good Thought, Good Word, and Good Deed" Zoroaster.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote drgonzaga Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Oct 2009 at 03:30
Suren, I would take issue with the classification of the Assyrians as "pagans". Interestingly, there is scarcely any difference between the role of Ashur in Assyria's theological constructs and that of Yahweh within Hebrew thought. An echo of this similarity is found in the Book of Jonah, which would make little sense otherwise. The all powerful "creator" God with a continued role within time more or less made the Mesopotamian pantheon irrelevant. For the 10th through 7th centuries, cult worship in Assyria had more in common with "Israel" than with the polytheism of that "nation's" other neighbors.

Edited by drgonzaga - 14 Oct 2009 at 03:31
Honi soit qui mal y pense
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Harburs Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30 Oct 2009 at 04:55
Suren is no longer active. I will do a little research on that issue.  


Edited by Harburs - 25 Jan 2014 at 14:33
"Turn yourself not away from three best things: Good Thought, Good Word, and Good Deed" Zoroaster.
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