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Navy Technology during the US Civil War

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    Posted: 11 Jul 2009 at 04:30
Not just for the US. What were naval warships like during this period? I would guess the Ships of the Line would be obsolete. Iron ships were just getting started.
 
I would guess that blue water naval warships would be Sail powered with steam power and iron lining the wood?
 
What about the cannons?
 
Also, when did navies make the full transition to Iron ships and how long did this transition take?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Paul Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11 Jul 2009 at 06:47
Cladding wooden ships with iron was experiment with by both the Royal Navy and the French Navy in the 1840's, the French liked the idea the British didn't.
 
Several French ships had experimental iron cladding during the Crimean War and outperformed the wooden ones. In 1859 the French launched the world's first purpose built ironclad La Glore.
 
Meanwhile Britain went down a whole different path building all iron armoured ships, launching the first the massive HMS Warrior in 1860 and Black Prince in 1861.
 
Most navies in Europe quickly started follwoing suit and building ironclads and nailing iron to wooden ships. In 1866 the first class of ironclad fleets occured at the battle of Lissa, probably the most interesting naval battle of all time.
 
 


Edited by Paul - 11 Jul 2009 at 06:55
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote gcle2003 Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11 Jul 2009 at 22:38
I agree about the battle of Lissa. It gets a bit overlooked because the combatants involved weren't (at that time) major powers, but as an experimental setpiece to contrast the merits of different ship designs it was splendid. And it was closely watched by foreign observers, just as the Japanese-Russian battle at Tsushima was.
 
 
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