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Scythians and Sarmatians

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calvo View Drop Down

Joined: 21 May 2007
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    Posted: 02 May 2010 at 00:19
Scythians and Sarmatians were two names given by the sedentary civilizations to nomad peoples of the steppes. Neither of them were unified nations or even unified tribal alliances, but a collective name given to a whole range of tribes that occupied an area from the Ukraine to Kazakhstan.

As far as I know, but Scythans and Sarmatians were Iranian speakers, both were nomads and spent much of their time on horseback, both lived in wagons, but depended on horse-archery as the main tactic of warfare.

Therefore: what was the difference between Scythians and Sarmatians? What were the factors that distinguished them other than the period of time?
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Sarmat View Drop Down

Joined: 01 Jun 2007
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sarmat Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 02 May 2010 at 01:32
Scythians are believed to be replaced by Sarmatians. There are some differences between archeological remains of two cultures. Greek historian wrote that their languages although very similar still weren't the same.
And, BTW, there was a major difference between Scythian and Sarmatian warfare. While Scythians indeed practiced archery as their main military tactics, Sarmatians are famous for their heavy armoured cavalry with long lances and swords which was their main shock unit (just like the guy on my avatar Big smile). Scythians didn't have that.

Edited by Sarmat - 02 May 2010 at 01:33

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