| FORUM | ARCHIVE |                    | TOTAL QUIZ RESULT |


  New Posts New Posts RSS Feed - Shahr-e Sūkhté
  FAQ FAQ  Forum Search   Events   Register Register  Login Login


Welcome stranger, click here to read about some of the great benefits of registering for a free account with us and joining us in our global online community.


Shahr-e Sūkhté

 Post Reply Post Reply
Author
okamido View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 11 Nov 2009
Location: San Francisco
Status: Offline
Points: 115
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote okamido Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Shahr-e Sūkhté
    Posted: 28 May 2012 at 02:40
Located in southeastern Iran, near the Helmand river, the city of Shahr-e Sūkhté (Burnt City) dates back to 5200 bce.

Click the image to open in full size.

Some notable aspects of this city revolve around the position of women, many of whom are buried in the 40,000 graves along with special, etched pebbles.
Click the image to open in full size.
These pebbles are thought to denote a higher status and were possibly used as seals for official documents. These documenst may have been ushered between Shahr-e Sūkhté and other local cities by camel courier, possibly even Ur, as some archaeologists have concluded that some items found in burial chambers had originated from Shahr-e Sūkhté . Scientists have come to this conclusion due to the unusual find of a man, who died between 40-45 years of age, that shows specific signs of relentless wear and tear on his legs from continual riding.
From Wikipedia:
Quote In one of the most recent discoveries from January, a team of Iranian and British anthropologists, working on human remains in the city from the 3rd millennium BC, identified a male camel rider who they believe was a messenger in ancient times.
Studies of the skeletal remains belonging to the man reveal evidence of bone trauma, suggesting that he was a professional rider who most likely spent most of his life on camel back.
Indications of riding are seen on the right leg bone of the man, who died at the age of 40 to 45. The swellings show that he continuously worked as a professional rider since he was a teenager. There are blade-shaped swellings on the lower part of the leg bone which indicate that he used to gather up his right leg while riding, suggesting that he rode on a large animal like a camel or ox. Although there is evidence showing that smaller draft animals were also used in the Burnt City, the act of gathering up a leg while riding is something that one does while riding a camel over long distances. Scientists, then, believe that the man was probably a courier who traveled regularly on camelback.
Other finds within the city are the earliest known example of a backgammon game, some dice,
Click the image to open in full size.

......and the conspicuous absence of any type of weaponry. Also interesting are the human remains of a very special woman.

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Dating to 2,800-2900 bce, this woman, who stood at an amazing 1.82 m tall (6 feet), bares the earlist known example of an artificial eye. Gilded in a thin layers of gold, and etched to resemble the sun, the artificial eye is believed to have been worn while she was alive due to the thin holes that had been drilled in order to facilitate a golden thread (which research shows to have existed within) that would hold the eye in place.

The craftmanship of the populace seemed to revolve primarily around weaving, put one find in particular is interesting. A goblet which seems to show the first ever attempt at a form of animation.
Click the image to open in full size.

It seems that the city was eventually abandoned after 2100 bce due to multiple fires destroyed the city and it was not rebuilt.
Back to Top
Sponsored Links


Back to Top
Harburs View Drop Down
Tsar
Tsar
Avatar
Chieftain

Joined: 10 Feb 2006
Location: United States
Status: Offline
Points: 3148
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Harburs Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05 May 2013 at 04:08
There are vast areas around burnt city and thousands of burial sites unexplored since the area is so huge and Iranian Archaeology Admin budget, equipment and personnel very limited. Iranian regime simply doesn't care about Pre-Islamic history of Iran. They don't even have enough budget to provide proper security for most important Iranian historical monuments or archaeology sites. 

Some years ago, a new significant civilization was unearthed around city of Jiroft with significant artifacts, but because of lack of securities thousands of these burial sites was robbed by opportunists and sold in millions of dollars to possible buyers abroad.  Some rich Sheiks from Persian gulf countries bought these artifacts and claimed them as ancient Arab civilization (they pretended they found them inside their own countries). Specially some of these stolen artifact was put on display in a local museum in UAE (United Arab Emirates), but with more studies done on Jiroft civilization the uniqueness of these artifact became more apparent and the Sheiks started to hid the stolen artifacts once again.Smile

The story still goes on and many historical artifacts will be smuggled from Iran each year.




Edited by Harburs - 05 May 2013 at 04:11
"Turn yourself not away from three best things: Good Thought, Good Word, and Good Deed" Zoroaster.
Back to Top
 Post Reply Post Reply
  Share Topic   

Forum Jump Forum Permissions View Drop Down

Forum Software by Web Wiz Forums® version 11.10
Copyright ©2001-2017 Web Wiz Ltd.

This page was generated in 0.078 seconds.