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Sikh-Afghan wars

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Sparten View Drop Down
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    Posted: 14 Oct 2009 at 16:51
Ok a subject that has always facinates me. Questions that arise.
 
1) How were the Sikhs able to defeat the Afghans and take the richest province (Lahore, Kashmir and Multan) away from them.
 
2) Would the have captured Kabul had the war continued.
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Al Jassas View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Al Jassas Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Oct 2009 at 17:21
One should ask first were people fond of the Afghan rulers in the first place?
 
The number of muslims in the Sikh army suggest no.
 
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Edited by Al Jassas - 14 Oct 2009 at 17:22
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sparten Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Oct 2009 at 18:52
Most of the muslims in the sikh army were from the warraich tribe, ranjit singhs tribe.
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Gharanai View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Gharanai Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Oct 2009 at 20:44
A very intresting topic which has lots of angles to see at, in my opinion those wars were just a part of Ahmad Shah Abdali's military doctorian of being offensive in order to improve your defense. This tactic worked very well as the Sikhs were never able to cross the Attock River (for sure I am talking about Abdali's regim). It was Ahmad Shah's tactic of Skirmishes (this word be rather better than of war) against the Sikhs and Hindus Lahore and Delhi which insured a safe Afghanistan without any interference from it's East. Once Ahmad Shah Abdali passed away his son and grand son who were not able to keep this tactic resulting and more aggression on Sikhs.
 
During Abdali's days he used to carry a surprise attack on the Sikh regions pushing them further inside todays Indian Punjab, then after some time he would step back and retreat to Afghan region (todays Afghanistan + Pashtunistan) and when Sikhs came back it took take years to settle and when they settled, there came another surprise attack. A great tactic which if continued would had insured the integrity of Afghanistan and there would had been no Durrand Line today.
 
Anyways that's my take and understanding of this short past history, what about yours?


Edited by Gharanai - 14 Oct 2009 at 20:45


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Bhau Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 23 Nov 2009 at 19:47
Firstly, Ranjit Singh was a Sandhawalia, held by most as a branch of the Sandhu clan of Jats.  

There were indeed many Muslims in his army, unsurprising, when in fact, they comprised nearly 60% of the populace of the territories ruled by him.
The Chattha brothers, viz. Khuda Baksh and Nawab Khan were two of his generals.

In Abdali's time, the Sikhs were divided into 12 misls, 11 of which were (later) united under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh by the early 19th century. This led to the formation of the Sikh Kingdom of Lahore.
The misls controlled different territories of Punjab and  fought among themselves as often as against the invading Pathans.
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