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The Battle of Marathon 11 August 490 BC

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    Posted: 10 Jan 2014 at 09:21
Haw important the Athenians victory was for the future history of Greece and Europe?
Approximately 10000 Athenians hoplites supported by 600 Plataians were victorious against much bigger Persian forces in the Battle which went into our history as one of the most deceive battle in Europe.
Over 6400 Persian has been killed for the price of 192 Athenians and 11 Plataians including Athenian polemarch (commander) Kallimachos.
So why this Battle of Marathon was so crucial for future history of Greece and Europe?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Guests Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10 Jan 2014 at 16:56
It showed that tiny divided Greek city states could stand up to the might of the Persian Empire and beat them and to eventually triumph against them in the wars to come. They also out thought them by attacking when the powerful Persian Calvary was not present and out maneuvered them by drawing the Persian army to the Greek center and envelop them with the reinforced flanks and subsequently routed them.
Also, the highly influential classical era was just roughly starting in Greece at the time of the battle. I suspect this successful battle propelled Greek cultural  confidence, pride and nationalism to new heights that would soon put it's stamp on Greek civilizations over the next couple of hundred of years. Which would then greatly influence the Romans and much of Western civilization foundations up to our current era.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Harburs Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10 Jan 2014 at 17:13
The only significant impact this battle had was to unify the scattered Greek city states under one force. The rest are all speculation of European historians.

Edited by Harburs - 13 Jan 2014 at 14:10
"Turn yourself not away from three best things: Good Thought, Good Word, and Good Deed" Zoroaster.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Goral Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10 Jan 2014 at 18:34
Originally posted by Harburs Harburs wrote:

I say the only significant impact of this battle had was to unify the scattered Greek city states under one force. The rest are all speculation with European historians.

On the surface, the battle seems to be not very significant. The Persian Force was just small expeditionary force unaccompanied by the king. The battle did not finish Persian attempt to conquer Greece and ten years later a large scale invasion by land and sea was mounted.
To appreciate the outcome of the battle, we would have to look at the consequences if the battle would be lost by Athenians. The consequences would be devastating for future of Athens, Greece and Persian Empire.


Edited by Goral - 10 Jan 2014 at 18:35
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Goral Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 Jan 2014 at 13:02
If the Persians had won;
The aim of the expedition of 490 BC was not only to establish a base in Central Greece. It was specifically designed to punish the Eretrians and Athenians for their support to Ionian Rebellion and refusal of these cities to recognise the authority of Persian King.
If the Persians had won, what will be the fate of the Athenians?
When city of Miletos revolted against Persian rule, it was sacked in 495BC. All surviving Milesians has been transported to Susa to be judged by King Darius. The King chose to be merciful and and resettled Greek survivors near the Persian Gulf. The decedents of these settlers has been lost to Greek culture; they did not contribute to future development of Greek culture as had The Milesian of 600 century BC.
In 510BC City of Barka in the Cyrenaica was captured and as a punishment, its people were likewise deported.
When Eretria had been captured and sacked, the surviving population was embarked on ships and, brought to Susa to face Darius Judgement. They join Milesian in their new settlement in Persia. So it was a standard Darius procedure to resettle populations of cities which resisted his conquest. (By the way it was a much more lenient punishment than revenge employed by other contemporary rulers)
Had the Persian won, there will be no Athenians fleet to face Persian at Salamis 480BC.
Without Athenian fleet, the defence of Peloponnese peninsula by Sparta and Peloponnesian League will be not feasible. The King Xerxes will be victorious in his conquest of Greece.
The history of Mediterranean will take completely different course thus history of Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor will be different.
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