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The heroes of Greek mythos

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Vanuatu Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 28 Aug 2019 at 11:29
Originally posted by franciscosan franciscosan wrote:

I don't know what mythology.
Sorry, the Furies are associated with the three Graces

InEumenides,Orestes' act was depicted as just, and the god Apollo* protected him in his sacredshrineat Delphi*. But the Furies still demanded justice. Finally, the gods persuaded the Furies to allow Orestes to be tried by the Areopagus, an ancient court in the city of Athens. The goddess Athena*, thepatronof Athens, cast the deciding ballot.

Athena then calmed the anger of the Furies, who became known afterward as the Eumenides (soothed ones) or Semnai Theai (honorable goddesses). Now welcomed in Athens and given a home there, they helped protect the city and its citizens from harm. The Furies also had shrines dedicated to them in other parts of Greece. In some places, the Furies were linked with the three Graces, goddess sisters who represented beauty, charm, and goodness—qualities quite different from those usually associated with the Furies

Read more: http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Fi-Go/Furies.html#ixzz5xqiX9Gjy

Quote The greatest Hero (besides Heracles) is probably Achilles.  After Achilles died, Odysseus and Ajax the Greater competed over his armor (made by Hephaestus), each gave his speech, Ajax was an immensely strong hero, who did not have to rely on the gods for his prowess, Odysseus however, argued that he deserved it, because not only did he personally do great heroic feats, but he urged other men on, and therefore was instrumental in winning the Trojan War.  Odysseus had done stuff like rally the men, when they were in a retreat, he stood up to Achilles when Achilles wanted the whole army to fast after the death of Patroclus, saying that Achilles could do what he wants, but the whole army needs its breakfast if they were going to fight that day.  Odysseus won the armor and so, because of his wiles is the second greatest hero after Achilles before Troy.
Armand Assante was a great Odysseus in the 1997 extended film. Clash of the Titans 1981 and Jason and the Argonauts made in 1963 are great depictions. The skeleton fight scenes done with the animation of Ray Harryhausen made it impressive work for the time and it is still very clever now. Jason and Perseus are great heroes. 
Are they in a different category than Achilles and Ajax? The goddesses Athena & Hera offered a lot of assistance to Jason and Perseus.
  


Edited by Vanuatu - 28 Aug 2019 at 11:31
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 29 Aug 2019 at 05:15
Different mythological origins.  Think of Troy as a generation or two after most of the heroes.  Some the heroes are suns of heroes.  Philotectes who left behind on an island with a festering wound, has Heracles bow.  Something the Achaeans (Greeks need according to prophecy).  In earlier days Heracles visited Troy.   I think it is Diomedes who is the son of Tydeus who fought before Thebes, another cycle.  The myths to some degree overlap, but not always nor completely.  Heracles is in the Argonaut, but bows out early on.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 01 Sep 2019 at 10:31
When Ajax lost the contest to Odysseus, he went a brooded in his tent, then he decided to go on a rampage killing Odysseus and the two kings, Menelaus and Agememnon as well as the other Greeks.  Athena however found out what he was planning and deceived him in his rage, and sent him into the flock of sheep and cattle that the Greeks had won from defeating the Trojans.  Wading into the cattle, he thought he was killing the Greeks.  When his senses cleared, he discovered what he had done, went to th beach and fell on his sword.

So, you have the
The Theban Cycle,
The Trojan Cycle,
The Argonautica (Miletus)
The Boeotian tradition.
and others which we know little
or nothing about.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Vanuatu Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 03 Sep 2019 at 12:26
Quote Achilles also has twin fates, something that only one other Greek hero has (and we have a name, but don't know his story), he could either live a long but uneventful life, or a short but glorious one.

Achilles has two fates, or did you mean twin? They are very different choices. Lots of regular people have to make that choice too. Achilles chose glory but he didn't get it.


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 04 Sep 2019 at 04:19
I don't know how it is phrased, from my understanding at some point he could freely have chosen A or freely have chosen B.  Whereas, a lot of people by trying to avoid their fate actually fell into it.  Oedipus, fleeing so that he would not murder his father (actually his _adopted_ father), ran into his actual father, murdered him, and then went to the nearby city and married the queen, thus becoming the king, but also the husband of his mother.

Achilles did get glory, he slew Hector who was the heart of the Trojan defense.  He also later (than the Iliad) slew Memnon, whose mother was the goddess Dawn.

Of course, some people will argue that actually Achilles as a hero had no choice, but had to go back into the fray.  That is who "he was."  But, I think that there actually was a time, when he could have gone a different direction than the direction he did go.  It is kind of a counterfactual, 'if Achilles had done 'X,' (sailed away, not avenged Patroclus, not given Patroclus his armor....), he would have lived a long and uneventful life.  It is a type of knowledge that we don't have, "the time right now is 11:14, if I had gone to the store this morning, I would have gotten a candy bar."  I did not go to the store, therefore I couldn't have known whether I would have gotten a candy bar, but a god could know.  That is what we are imaging when we imagine two fates, (or twin fates?), I think of them as twin, because they are paired together, one can do one or the other, but not both. 
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Vanuatu Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12 Sep 2019 at 15:24
Originally posted by franciscosan franciscosan wrote:


Achilles did get glory, he slew Hector who was the heart of the Trojan defense.  He also later (than the Iliad) slew Memnon, whose mother was the goddess Dawn.

Achilles tells Odysseus in the Underworld that he would rather be low and alive rather than glorified but in Hades awaiting filtration. Almost starting to sound like sin, any choice by a demigod should have kept him above ground, do you agree?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 Sep 2019 at 03:32
filtration??

I wonder if "demigod" is a modern coinage.  Achilles lived fast and died young, he could have lived slow, amounted to little, and died later.  Not dying was not an option.  Although admittedly it does seem like an option for Menelaus, Helen, and maybe Heracles.

Of course, he is talking to Odysseus in the underworld, the ultimate survivor.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Vanuatu Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 Sep 2019 at 00:09
"filtration??"
The word filtration-reading about Achilles in the afterlife. The reason for keeping figures of deceased relatives around was less about grief more about Eusebia or piety, it was a citizens responsibility to keep the dead happy by remembering. And remember them happy! It will keep the dead from causing mischief for the living. If you were in Elysium and no living person held you in memory as a virtuous person then as a psyche would be downgraded to Tartarus.

The pysche in death or eidolon did not have intellect or phrenes. The intellect has been left in the body  possibly the liver and diaphragm. So the reflection of Achilles in death is a diminished reflection of living Achilles. Most essays and articles have Achilles wandering the plains of Tartarus for eternity. Achilles is less and less an essence of his former human self until he returns to a kind of mist. Still working on finding that article it was unique for its discussion eternity being more like infinity.

Eventually everyone is alone in Tartarus, then you are free again. Killing the demigod was not something Paris could do, Apollo has reasons for killing Achilles.
Wiki-

Etymology[edit]

demi- +‎ god. Calque of the Latin semideus (half-god), which is probably a coining by the Roman poet Ovid for less important gods such as dryads.

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