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Xingu indigenous park 55 years aniversary

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Carcharodon View Drop Down

Joined: 04 May 2007
Location: Northern Europe
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    Posted: 13 Jun 2016 at 16:25
This year it is 55 years since the foundation of the Xingu Indigenous park (Terra Indígena) in Mato Grosso in Brazil. The park was initiated by the Villas-Bôas brothers and its aim was to protect the indigenous populations along the Xingu river. Thanks to the park several groups, who was severly threatened, got protection and a hope for the future. Today there live around  6000 people belonging to 15 ethnic groups in the park, belonging to four different language groups. The different peoples have managed to uphold peace (pax Xingu) and their cultures have to some extent merged together, partly because of marriages between members of the different peoples.

The Xingu groups have also more and more embraced new technologies and life ways and their contacts with the outer world have increased. Some people from the Xingu also work in other places part of the year and live in the park parts of the year. Some of them have, for example set up shops in nearby cities where they sell art products from their people. Part of the year they stay in their villages and manufacture these products.

There are ofcourse also threats to the park and its inhabitants, as for example the Belo Monte mega dam which threatens fishing and communications on the Xingu river. Also health problems, and environmental problems (from industries and activities, as logging, around the park) is a concern. Also christian mission causes some disagreements among the people in Xingu. Other things of concern are how xinguanos will be able to maintain their cultures in the face of increased contacts with the outer world. Today many xinguanos are also connected through internet (Facebook and similar) with the surrounding world which can lead to changes, both for better and for worse. But still they manage to uphold unity and cultural cohesion and inspite the problems there are hopes and beliefs in the future in this rather unique place with its unique cultures and peoples. 

I can also ad that the xinguanos I know are friendly and nice people and it is very nice and illuminating to be able to communicate and socialize with them. 

In Brazil they made an interesting and exciting film about how the park came to be. Several people from the Xingu are actors and extras in the film

Here is also an article (in portuguese) about the challenges the Xingu people face:

Edited by Carcharodon - 13 Jun 2016 at 16:25
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franciscosan View Drop Down
WorldHistoria Master
WorldHistoria Master

Joined: 09 Feb 2015
Location: Littleton CO
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote franciscosan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 18 Jun 2016 at 09:28
I don't know if it still exists, but there used to be a Xingu Beer, said to have been made through traditional methods, except that they don't use enzymes from the little old ladies (of the tribe) chewing the mixture and spitting out.
So if you want a taste of the Xingu, you might see if there is a microbrewery out there, probably Brazilian.
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